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Concurrent Sessions
Chair: Erica Groshen, Cornell University
Presenters: Richard B. Freeman and George Borjas, Harvard UniversityProduction Jobs in the World of Robots
Susan N. Houseman, W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research and Katharine G. Abraham, University of MarylandNew Labor Market Norms and the Rise of Alternative Work Arrangements
William M. Rodgers III, Rutgers University Race in the Labor Market: The Role of Equal Employment Opportunity and Other Policies
David Weil, Brandeis UniversityThe Real Future of Work and its Policy Needs: A Fissured Workplace Perspective
Discussants: Erica Groshen, Cornell University
Harry Holzer, McCourt School of Public Policy
Chair: Susan N. Houseman, W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research
Presenters: Katharine G. Abraham and Melissa Kearney, University of MarylandExplaining the Decline in the U.S. Employment-to-Population Ratio: A Review of the Evidence
John Coglianese, Federal Reserve BoardThe Rise of the In-and-Outs
Janet Currie, Jonas Jin and Molly Schnell, Princeton UniversityU.S. Employment and Opioids: Is there a Connection?
Adam Looney, The Brookings Institute and Nicholas Turner, Federal Reserve BoardWork and Opportunity before and after Incarceration
Discussants: Stephanie Aaronson, Federal Reserve Board
Mark Duggan, Stanford University
Chair: Patrick M. Kline, University of California, Berkeley
Presenters: Benjamin S. Smith, UCLAThe Role of Labor Market Entry and Exports in Sorting: Evidence from West Germany
Diego Daruich, Federal Reserve Bank St. Louis; Sabrina Di Addario, Bank of Italy; and Raffaele Saggio, University of California, BerkeleyThe Effects of Partial Employment Protection Reforms: Evidence from Italy
Andy Garin, Harvard University and Filipe Silverio, Bank of PortugalDo Wage Adjustments Reflect Firm-Level Labor Demand or Market Competition? Evidence from Idiosyncratic Export Demand Shocks
Marta Lachowska, W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research; Isaac Sorkin, Stanford University; and Stephen A. Woodbury, Michigan State UniversityFirms and Unemployment Insurance Take-Up Rates
Discussants: Bruce Meyer, University of Chicago
Serena Canaan, American University of Beirut
1.4  Regulating Employer Market Power (Symposium)—B
Chair: Aaron J. Sojourner, University of Minnesota
Presenters: J.J. Prescott, University of Michigan and Evan Starr, University of MarylandMobility, Entrepreneurship, and Knowledge of Noncompete Laws: Evidence from an Information Experiment
Ben Lipsius, University of MichiganMonopsony Power in U.S. Labor Markets
Ioana Elena Marinescu and Herbert Hovenkamp, University of PennsylvaniaAnticompetitive Mergers in Labor Markets
Suresh Naidu, Columbia University and Eric Posner, University of ChicagoAntitrust Remedies for Labor Market Power
Discussants: Ryan Nunn, The Brookings Institution
Victor Bennett, Duke University
1.5  Vacancies and Recruitment (Symposium)—A
Chair: Steven J. Davis, University of Chicago
Presenters: Eliza Forsythe and Russell Weinstein, University of Illinois at Urbana-ChampaignRecruiting Intensity over the Business Cycle
Marianna Kudlyak, Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco; Murat Tasci, Fedearl Reserve Bank of Cleveland; and Didem Tuzemen, Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas CityMinimum Wage Increases and Vacancies
Ioana Elena Marinescu, University of Pennsylvania; Nadav Klein, University of Chicago; Andrew Chamberlain and Morgan Smart, Glassdoor, Inc.Incentives Can Reduce Bias in Online Reviews
Discussants: Jason Faberman, Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago
Isaac Sorkin, Stanford University
John Horton, New York University
Chair: Heather Boushey, Washington Center for Equitable Growth
Panelists: Till M. von Wachter, UCLA; David Weil, Brandeis University; and Erika McEntarfer, U.S. Census BureauPanel discussion
1.7  Occupations and Job Polarization (Symposium)—A
Chair: Bart Hobijn, Arizona State University
Presenters: Jennifer Hunt, Rutgers University and Ryan Nunn, The Brookings InstitutionWhy are Fewer Workers Earning Middle Wages and Is It a Bad Thing?
Paul Gaggl, University of North Carolina at Charlotte and Sylvia Kaufmann, Study Center GerzenseeThe Cyclical Component of Labor Market Polarization and Jobless Recoveries
Isabel Cairo, Federal Reserve Board; Henry R. Hyatt, U.S. Census Bureau; and Nellie L. Zhao, Cornell UniversityThe U.S. Job Ladder in the New Millennium
Claudia Macaluso, W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment ResearchEarly-Career Occupational Choices of Low-Skill Workers: A Historical Perspective
Discussants: Aysegul Sahin, Federal Reserve Bank of New York
David Wiczer, Stony Brook University
Chair: David Johnson, University of Michigan
Presenters: Michael Carr and Emily Wiemers, University of Massachusetts-BostonThe Role of Education and Gender in Trends in Earnings Inequality and Mobility in the U.S.
David Johnson, University of Michigan and Jonathan Fisher, Stanford UniversityInequality and Mobility Over the Past Half Century Using Income, Consumption and Wealth
William A. Darity, Jr., Duke University; Darrick Hamilton, The New School; Bradley L. Hardy, American University; and Jonathan Morduch, New York UniversityWealth Inequality, Income Volatility, and Race
Marta Lachowska, W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research; Alexandre Mas, Princeton University; and Stephen A. Woodbury, Michigan State UniversityThe Role of Firms in Determining Work Hours
Discussants: Darrick Hamilton, The New School
Douglas Webber, Temple University
Chair: Heidi Shierholz, Economic Policy Institute
Presenters: Price Fishback, University of Arizona and Michelle Liu, U Arizona & ExperianRacial Disparities in Access to New Deal Programs in the 1930s
Karthik Muralidharan and Paul Niehaus, University of California, San Diego and Sandip Sukhtankar, University of VirginiaGeneral Equilibrium Effects of (Improving) Public Employment Programs: Experimental Evidence from India
Indivar Dutta-Gupta and Kali Grant, Georgetown University; Julie Kerksick, Community Advocates Public Policy Institute; Dan Bloom, MDRC; and Ajay Chaudry, New York UniversityWorking to Reduce Poverty: A National Subsidized Employment Proposal
Mark Paul, New College of Florida; William A. Darity, Jr., Duke University; Darrick Hamilton, The New School; and Anne Price, Insight Center for Community Economic DevelopmentReturning to the Promise of Full Employment: A Federal Job Guarantee in the United States
Discussants: Valerie Wilson, Economic Policy Institute
Lori Kletzer, University of California-Santa Cruz
Concurrent Sessions
Chair: Barbara Biasi, Princeton University
Presenters: Brian Jacob, University of Michigan; Jonah Rockoff, Columbia University; Eric S. Taylor, Harvard University; Benjamin Lindy, Teach for America; and Rachel Rosen, MDRCTeacher Applicant Hiring and Teacher Performance: Evidence from DC Public Schools
Sima Sajjadiani, Aaron Sojourner, John Kammeyer-Mueller and Elton Mykerezi, University of MinnesotaUsing Machine Learning to Translate Pre-Hire Work History into Predictors of Performance and Retention
Paul Bruno, University of Southern California and Katharine O. Strunk, Michigan State UniversityMaking the Cut: The Effectiveness of Teacher Screening and Hiring in the Los Angeles Unified School District
Dan Goldhaber, University of Washington & AIR and Cyrus Grout, University of WashingtonDirect from the Source: To What Extent Do Ratings of Teacher Applicants By Professional References Predict the Likelihood of Being Hired and Job Performance?
Discussants: Jenn Brown, University of British Columbia/Utah
Eric S. Taylor, Harvard University
Chair: Kathryn Shaw, Stanford University
Presenters: Michael Waldman, Cornell University; Emre Ekinci, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid; and Antti Kauhanen, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy (ETLA)Bonuses and Promotion Tournaments: Theory and Evidence
Anders Frederiksen, University of Aarhus; Takao Kato, Colgate University; and Nina Smith, Aarhus UniversityWorking Hours and Top Management Appointments: Evidence from Linked Employer-Employee Data
Jed DeVaro, California State University, East Bay; Antti Kauhanen and Nelli Valmari, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy (ETLA)Internal and External Hiring: The Role of Prior Work History
Hodaka Morita, Hitotsubashi University and Cheng-Tao Tang, International University of JapanAsset Specificity, Human Capital Acquisition, and Labor Market Competition
Discussants: Aloysius Siow, University of Toronto
Dora Gicheva, University of North Carolina at Greensboro
Chair: Peter Cappelli, University of Pennsylvania
Presenters: Takao Kato, Colgate University; Hideaki Miyajima, Waseda University; and Hideo Owan, University of TokyoDoes Employee Stock Ownership Work? Evidence from Publicly-traded Firms in Japan
Paige Ouimet, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and Geoffrey A. Tate, University of North Carolina at Chapel HillLearning from Coworkers: Peer Effects on Individual Investment Decisions in Employee Stock Purchase Plans
Alex Bryson, University College London; Andrew E. Clark, Paris School of Economics; and Colin P. Green, Norwegian University of Science and TechnologyFootsie, Yeah! Share Prices and Worker Wellbeing
Trevor Young-Hyman, University of Pittsburg katz Graduate School of Business and Nathalie Magne, Paul Valery University, Montpellier 3How Workplace Democracy Moderates the Effects of Workforce Diversity: Evidence from Worker Cooperatives in France
Discussants: Richard B. Freeman, Harvard University
Douglas Kruse, Rutgers University
Chair: Alex Bryson, University College London
Presenters: Peter Q. Blair, Clemson UniversityHow Much of a Barrier to Entry is Occupational Licensing?
Tingting Zhang, Western New England UniversityEffects of Occupational Licensing and Unions on Labour Market Earnings in Canada
Maria Koumenta, Queen Mary, University of London and Mario Pagliero, University of TorinoOccupational Licensing, Labour Mobility and Migrant Wages: Evidence from the EU
Morris Kleiner, University of Minnesota and Evan Soltas, University of OxfordOccupational Licensing, Labor Supply, and Human Capital
Discussants: Edward J. Timmons, Saint Francis University
Jason Hicks, University of Minnesota
Mark Klee, Bureau of the Census
Victoria Udalova, U.S. Bureau of the Census
Chair: Marta Lachowska, W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research
Presenters: Robert Valletta, Federal Reserve Bank of San FranciscoUnemployment Benefit Extensions and the U.S. Macroeconomy: A Critical Assessment
Andrew C. Johnston, University of California, Merced and Maxim Massenkoff, University of California at BerkeleyHurry-up and Wait: The Causes and Consequences of Waiting to Take-up Unemployment Insurance
Aresh Nekoei, Stockholm University; Jonas Cederlof and Peter Fredriksson, Uppsala University; and David Seim, Stockholm UniversityConsequences of Mandatory Advance Layoff Notice for Workers and Firms
David L. Fuller, University of Wisconsin-­Oshkosh; Stephane Auray, CREST Ensai and ULCO; and Nicolas Lepage-Saucier, CREST EnsaiTitle: Why Do Half of Unemployment Benefits Go Unclaimed?
Discussants: Isaac Sorkin, Stanford University
Stephen A. Woodbury, Michigan State University
Christopher O'Leary, W.E. Upjohn Institute
2.6  Work, Weather, and Migration (Symposium)—A
Chair: Thomas Mroz, Georgia State University
Presenters: Christos Makridis, Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Tyler Ransom, University of OklahomaBeating the Heat: Temperature and Spatial Reallocation over the Long Run
Barry Hirsch, Georgia State University and Bo Liu, Southern New Hampshire UniversityDoes Winter Weather Decrease Work?
Zhengyu Cai, Southwestern University of Finance and Economics; Heather Stephens, West Virginia University; and John Winters, Iowa State UniversityMotherhood, Migration, and Self-Employment of College Graduates
Maria Esther Caballero, Carnegie Mellon University; Brian Cadena, University of Colorado; and Brian K. Kovak, Carnegie Mellon UniversityThe International Transmission of Local Economic Shocks Through Migrant Networks
Discussants: Julie Hotchkiss, Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta
Tyler Ransom, University of Oklahoma
Chair: David Weil, Brandeis University
Presenters: Anat Bracha and Mary Burke, Federal Reserve Bank of BostonHow Big is the Gig?
Katharine G. Abraham, University of Maryland; Brad Hershbein and Susan N. Houseman, W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment ResearchGig and Other Contract Work: Developing Better Measures in Household Surveys
Andy Garin, Harvard UniversityIndependent Contracting as Measured by IRS Records
Jesse Rothstein, University of California, BerkeleyIndependent Contracting and Economic Outcomes in California
Discussants: Barbara Robles, Federal Reserve Board
Shanthi Ramnath, U.S. Department of Treasury
Chair: Brad Hershbein, W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research
Presenters: Marcus Dillender and Brad Hershbein, W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment ResearchPaid Family Leave and Employer Skill Demand: Evidence from Job Postings
Jenna Stearns, University of California-DavisThe Long-Run Effects of Wage Replacement and Job Protection: Evidence from Two Maternity Leave Reforms in Great Britain
Yana Gallen, University of ChicagoThe Effect of Maternity Leave Extensions on Firms and Coworkers
Sarah H. Bana, University of California, Santa Barbara; Kelly Bedard, University of California-Santa Barbara; Maya Rossin-Slater, Stanford University; and Jenna Stearns, University of California-DavisUnequal Access to Paid Family Leave: The Role of Employers
Discussants: Eric T. Chyn, University of Virginia
Tanya Byker, Middlebury College
Chair: Till M. von Wachter, UCLA
Panelists: Michelle Welch, Laura and John Arnold Foundation; Marianne Bertrand, University of Chicago; Jesse Rothstein, University of California, Berkeley; Timothy J. Bartik, W. E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research; and Sally Wallace, Georgia State UniversityPanel discussion